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Title: Identification of scaffold/matrix attachment region in recurrent site of woodchuck hepatitis virus integration
Authors: D'Ugo, Emilio
Bruni, Roberto
Argentini, Claudio
Giuseppetti, Roberto
Rapicetta, Maria
Issue Date: 1998
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert
Citation: D'Ugo E, Bruni R, Argentini C, Giuseppetti R, Rapicetta M. Identification of scaffold/matrix attachment region in recurrent site of woodchuck hepatitis virus integration. DNA and cell biology 1998;17(6):519-527.
ispartof: DNA and cell biology
Language: en
Type: Article
Peer reviewed: yes
Abstract: Da MEDLINE: Scaffold or matrix attachment regions (S/MARs) are noncoding genomic DNA sequences displaying in vitro selective binding affinity for nuclear scaffold. They have been reported to be involved in the physical attachment of genomic DNA to the nuclear scaffold, and thus in the organization of the chromatin in functional loops or domains, and in the regulation of gene expression. In this work, we report the identification of an S/MAR in a woodchuck chromosomal locus, named b3n, previously described as a recurrent site of woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) DNA integration in woodchuck hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The 4.3-kb sequence of this locus contains several Alu-like repeats and a gag-like coding region with frameshift mutations. Computer analysis revealed the presence of a region with unusually high AT content, typical of most S/MARs, and of specific motifs (A boxes, T boxes, topoisomerase II sites, and unwinding elements) overlapping or in proximity to the region with high AT content, predicting that b3n might contain an S/MAR. Fragments of the b3n locus were isolated by conventional and inverse PCR techniques. In in vitro binding experiments with both heterologous and autologous scaffold preparations, a 592-bp fragment spanning the region rich in S/MAR features showed marked scaffold affinity, which was specific when autologous scaffolds were used. The presence of an S/MAR at the b3n locus and its nature as a recurrent WHV integration site in HCC suggest the involvement of S/MAR elements in some of the mechanisms leading to liver oncogenesis
ISSN: 1044-5498
Appears in Collections:6 - Pubblicazioni su serie non edite da ISS

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